Both authoritative and trenchant, Antisocial Media shows how Facebook's mission went so wrong. If you wanted to build a machine that would distribute propaganda to millions of people, energize hatred and bigotry, distract them from important issues, undermine respectable journalism, foster doubts about science, and engage in massive surveillance all at once, erode social trust, you would make something a lot like Facebook.
Antisocial Media: How Facebook Disconnects Us and Undermines Democracy #ad - And it's an indictment of how "social media" has fostered the deterioration of democratic culture around the world, from facilitating Russian meddling in support of Trump's election to the exploitation of the platform by murderous authoritarians in Burma and the Philippines. Of course, none of that was part of the plan.
Custodians of the Internet: Platforms, Content Moderation, and the Hidden Decisions That Shape Social MediaYale University Press #ad - A revealing and gripping investigation into how social media platforms police what we post online—and the large societal impact of these decisions Most users want their Twitter feed, Facebook page, and YouTube comments to be free of harassment and porn. Based on interviews with content moderators, this accessible, creators, and consumers, timely book is a must†‘read for anyone who’s ever clicked “like” or “retweet.
”. Whether faced with “fake news” or livestreamed violence, “content moderators”—who censor or promote user†‘posted content—have never been more important. In doing so, gillespie highlights that content moderation receives too little public scrutiny even as it is shapes social norms and creates consequences for public discourse, cultural production, and the fabric of society.
Custodians of the Internet: Platforms, Content Moderation, and the Hidden Decisions That Shape Social Media #ad - This is especially true when the tools that social media platforms use to curb trolling, ban hate speech, and censor pornography can also silence the speech you need to hear. In this revealing and nuanced exploration, award†‘winning sociologist and cultural observer Tarleton Gillespie provides an overview of current social media practices and explains the underlying rationales for how, when, and why these policies are enforced.
#Republic: Divided Democracy in the Age of Social MediaPrinceton University Press #ad - It's no accident that on some occasions, people of different political views cannot even understand one another. Welcome to the age of #Republic. In this revealing book, polarization, new york Times bestselling author Cass Sunstein shows how today’s Internet is driving political fragmentation, and even extremism--and what can be done about it.
He proposes practical and legal changes to make the Internet friendlier to democratic deliberation, showing that #Republic need not be an ironic term. From the new york times bestselling author of nudge and the world According to Star Wars, a revealing account of how today's Internet threatens democracy—and what can be done about itAs the Internet grows more sophisticated, it is creating new threats to democracy.
#Republic: Divided Democracy in the Age of Social Media #ad - Rather, it can be a rallying cry for the kind of democracy that citizens of diverse societies need most. It's also no surprise that terrorist groups have been able to exploit social media to deadly effect. Social media companies such as Facebook can sort us ever more efficiently into groups of the like-minded, creating echo chambers that amplify our views.
The Googlization of Everything: And Why We Should WorryUniversity of California Press #ad - Into this creative chaos came google with its dazzling mission—"To organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible"—and its much-quoted motto, "Don’t be evil. In this provocative book, siva Vaidhyanathan examines the ways we have used and embraced Google—and the growing resistance to its expansion across the globe.
. He assesses google’s global impact, particularly in China, and explains the insidious effect of Googlization on the way we think. He exposes the dark side of our Google fantasies, raising red flags about issues of intellectual property and the much-touted Google Book Search. In the beginning, the world wide Web was exciting and open to the point of anarchy, a vast and intimidating repository of unindexed confusion.
The Googlization of Everything: And Why We Should Worry #ad - Finally, vaidhyanathan proposes the construction of an Internet ecosystem designed to benefit the whole world and keep one brilliant and powerful company from falling into the "evil" it pledged to avoid.
Twitter and Tear Gas: The Power and Fragility of Networked ProtestYale University Press #ad - These details from life inside social movements complete a moving investigation of authority, technology, and culture—and offer essential insights into the future of governance. An incisive observer, how they operate differently from past protests, and participant in today’s social movements, Zeynep Tufekci explains in this accessible and compelling book the nuanced trajectories of modern protests—how they form, writer, and why they have difficulty persisting in their long-term quests for change.
She describes how the internet helped the zapatista uprisings in mexico, the refusal to use bullhorns in the Occupy Movement that started in New York, the necessity of remote Twitter users to organize medical supplies during Arab Spring, and the empowering effect of tear gas in Istanbul’s Gezi Park.
Twitter and Tear Gas: The Power and Fragility of Networked Protest #ad - A firsthand account and incisive analysis of modern protest, and a packed Tahrir Square, revealing internet-fueled social movements’ greatest strengths and frequent challenges To understand a thwarted Turkish coup, an anti–Wall Street encampment, we must first comprehend the power and the weaknesses of using new technologies to mobilize large numbers of people.
Tufekci speaks from direct experience, combining on-the-ground interviews with insightful analysis.
Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce RacismNYU Press #ad - The suggested porn sites and un-moderated discussions about “why black women are so sassy” or “why black women are so angry” presents a disturbing portrait of black womanhood in modern society. In algorithms of oppression, safiya umoja Noble challenges the idea that search engines like Google offer an equal playing field for all forms of ideas, identities, and activities.
Data discrimination is a real social problem; noble argues that the combination of private interests in promoting certain sites, leads to a biased set of search algorithms that privilege whiteness and discriminate against people of color, along with the monopoly status of a relatively small number of Internet search engines, specifically women of color.
Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism #ad - Through an analysis of textual and media searches as well as extensive research on paid online advertising, Noble exposes a culture of racism and sexism in the way discoverability is created online. As seen in wired and time a revealing look at how negative biases against women of color are embedded in search engine results and algorithms Run a Google search for “black girls”—what will you find? “Big Booty” and other sexually explicit terms are likely to come up as top search terms.
As search engines and their related companies grow in importance—operating as a source for email, a major vehicle for primary and secondary school learning, and beyond—understanding and reversing these disquieting trends and discriminatory practices is of utmost importance. An original, surprising and, algorithms of Oppression contributes to our understanding of how racism is created, disturbing account of bias on the internet, maintained, at times, and disseminated in the 21st century.
Safiya noble discusses search engine bias in an interview with USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism . But, if you type in “white girls, ” the results are radically different.
Digital Disconnect: How Capitalism is Turning the Internet Against DemocracyThe New Press #ad - He argues that the sharp decline in the enforcement of antitrust violations, the increase in patents on digital technology and proprietary systems, and other policies and massive indirect subsidies have made the Internet a place of numbing commercialism. This capitalistic colonization of the Internet has spurred the collapse of credible journalism, and made the Internet an unparalleled apparatus for government and corporate surveillance, and a disturbingly anti-democratic force.
In digital disconnect robert mcchesney offers a groundbreaking analysis and critique of the Internet, urging us to reclaim the democratizing potential of the digital revolution while we still can. Mcchesney, arguments on both sides fail to address the relationship between economic power and the digital world.
Digital Disconnect: How Capitalism is Turning the Internet Against Democracy #ad - Mcchesney’s award-winning rich Media, Poor Democracy skewered the assumption that a society drenched in commercial information is a democratic one. Celebrants and skeptics alike have produced valuable analyses of the Internet’s effect on us and our world, oscillating between utopian bliss and dystopian hell.
A small handful of monopolies now dominate the political economy, from Google, to Microsoft, which garners an astonishing 97 percent share of the mobile search market, whose operating system is used by over 90 percent of the world’s computers. In digital disconnect mcchesney returns to this provocative thesis in light of the advances of the digital age, incorporating capitalism into the heart of his analysis.
But according to Robert W.
The Attention Merchants: The Epic Scramble to Get Inside Our HeadsVintage #ad - Since then, every new medium—from radio to television to Internet companies such as Google and Facebook—has attained commercial viability and immense riches by turning itself into an advertising platform. One of the best books of the year the san francisco chronicle * the philadelphia inquirer * vox * the globe and mail toronto From Tim Wu, author of the award-winning The Master Switch a New Yorker and Fortune Book of the Year and who coined the term "net neutrality”—a revelatory, ambitious and urgent account of how the capture and re-sale of human attention became the defining industry of our time.
Ours is often called an information economy, but at a moment when access to information is virtually unlimited, our attention has become the ultimate commodity. This condition is not simply the byproduct of recent technological innovations but the result of more than a century's growth and expansion in the industries that feed on human attention.
The Attention Merchants: The Epic Scramble to Get Inside Our Heads #ad - In nearly every moment of our waking lives, we face a barrage of efforts to harvest our attention. Wu’s narrative begins in the nineteenth century, when Benjamin Day discovered he could get rich selling newspapers for a penny. Since the early days, the basic business model of “attention merchants” has never changed: free diversion in exchange for a moment of your time, sold in turn to the highest-bidding advertiser.
Full of lively, unexpected storytelling and piercing insight, The Attention Merchants lays bare the true nature of a ubiquitous reality we can no longer afford to accept at face value.
News for All the People: The Epic Story of Race and the American MediaVerso #ad - Here is a new, sweeping narrative history of American news media that puts race at the center of the story. News for all the people reveals how racial segregation distorted the information Americans received from the mainstream media. Vann, who led a remarkable national campaign to get the black-face comedy Amos ’n’ Andy off the air.
Based on years of original archival research and up-to-the-minute reporting and written by two veteran journalists and leading advocates for a more inclusive and democratic media system, News for All the People should become the standard history of American media. And it chronicles the influence federal media policies exerted in such conflicts.
From the earliest colonial newspapers to the internet age, America’s racial divisions have played a central role in the creation of the country’s media system, just as the media has contributed to—and every so often, combated—racial oppression. It depicts the struggle of black, democratic press, and then, Latino, Asian, beginning in the 1970s, and Native American journalists who fought to create a vibrant yet little-known alternative, forced open the doors of the major media companies.
News for All the People: The Epic Story of Race and the American Media #ad - The writing is fast-paced, both famous and obscure, and replete with memorable portraits of individual journalists and media executives, story-driven, heroes and villains. It unearths numerous examples of how publishers and broadcasters actually fomented racial violence and discrimination through their coverage.
It weaves back and forth between the corporate and government leaders who built our segregated media system—such as Herbert Hoover, whose Federal Radio Commission eagerly awarded a license to a notorious Ku Klux Klan organization in the nation’s capital—and those who rebelled against that system, like Pittsburgh Courier publisher Robert L.
Speech Police: The Global Struggle to Govern the InternetColumbia Global Reports #ad - Speech police is the most comprehensive and insightful treatment of the subject thus far, and reminds us of the importance of maintaining the internet’s original commitment to free speech, free of any company’s or government’s absolute control, while finding ways to modulate its worst aspects. David kaye's book is crucial to understanding the tactics, rhetoric and stakes in one of the most consequential free speech debates in human history.
Cory doctorow, author of radicalized, but a lot of the material on it turned out to incite violence, spread untruth, Walkaway and Little Brother The internet was designed to be a kind of free-speech paradise, and promote hate. Over the years, youtube and twitter—became the way most of the world experiences the internet, three American behemoths—Facebook, and therefore the conveyors of much of its disturbing material.
Speech Police: The Global Struggle to Govern the Internet #ad - What should be done about this enormous problem? Should the giant social media platforms police the content themselves, as is the norm in the U. S. Or should governments and international organizations regulate the internet, who serves as the United Nations’ special rapporteur on free expression, as many are demanding in Europe? How do we keep from helping authoritarian regimes to censor all criticisms of themselves? David Kaye, has been has been at the center of the discussions of these issues for years.
He takes us behind the scenes, activists, from facebook’s “mini-legislative” meetings, and introduces us to journalists, to the European Commission’s closed-door negotiations, and content moderators whose stories bring clarity and urgency to the topic of censorship.
Network Propaganda: Manipulation, Disinformation, and Radicalization in American PoliticsOxford University Press #ad - This dynamic has marginalized centre-right media and politicians, and rendered it susceptible to propaganda efforts, radicalized the right wing ecosystem, foreign and domestic. Through data analysis and detailed qualitative case studies of coverage of immigration, and the Trump Russia investigation, Clinton scandals, the book finds that the right-wing media ecosystem operates fundamentally differently than the rest of the media environment.
The authors argue that longstanding institutional, political, and cultural patterns in American politics interacted with technological change since the 1970s to create a propaganda feedback loop in American conservative media. Analysing millions of news stories together with Twitter and Facebook shares, broadcast television and YouTube, the book provides a comprehensive overview of the architecture of contemporary American political communications.
Is social media destroying democracy? are russian propaganda or "fake news" entrepreneurs on Facebook undermining our sense of a shared reality? A conventional wisdom has emerged since the election of Donald Trump in 2016 that new technologies and their manipulation by foreign actors played a decisive role in his victory and are responsible for the sense of a "post-truth" moment in which disinformation and propaganda thrives.
Network Propaganda: Manipulation, Disinformation, and Radicalization in American Politics #ad - Network propaganda challenges that received wisdom through the most comprehensive study yet published on media coverage of American presidential politics from the start of the election cycle in April 2015 to the one year anniversary of the Trump presidency. For readers outside the united states, and potential solutions for, the book offers a new perspective and methods for diagnosing the sources of, the perceived global crisis of democratic politics.